Oxymetazoline Nasal Spray (Afrin)

Category:

  • Decongestant

Description:

  • Topical decongestant

Indications:

  • Nasal congestion

Precautions:

  • Pregnancy category C

  • Children <2 years

  • Hyperthyroidism, heart disease

  • Hypertension, diabetes mellitus

Adverse Reactions (Side Effects):

  • CNS: dizziness, headache, weakness, nervousness

  • CV: cardiac irregularities, hypertension

  • EENT: rebound congestion/hyperemia (“rhinitis medicamentosa”), sneezing, stinging, transient burning, ulceration of nasal mucosa

  • GI: nausea

  • SKIN: sweating

 

Dosage:

Administered topically (nasal spray)

  • Adult and child > or = 6 years: NASAL 2-3 drops or sprays of 0.05% solution instilled into each nostril 2 times daily; do not exceed 3-5 days duration

  • Child 2-5 years: NASAL 2-3 drops of 0.025% solution instilled into each nostril 2 times daily; do not exceed 3-5 days duration

 

 
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