patients with myocardial infarction, morphine decreases systemic
vascular resistance which may lead to severe hypotension.
To minimize, administer minimum effective dose and elevate
administration may induce respiratory depression, therefore monitor
patientís respiratory function.
will experience CNS effects of drowsiness and dizziness, therefore use
caution with motor vehicle operation or other hazardous tasks.
prolonged, sustained usage to decrease addiction potential.
with caution with other CNS depressive medications.
Reactions (Side Effects):
in smallest effective dose, as infrequently as possible and titrated to
orally, rectally, SQ, IM, slow IV, slow IV infusion, epidural and
intrathecal (IT) injection
oral: 10-30mg 14h as needed
rectal: 10-20mg q4h as needed
SQ or IM: 10mg (range 5-20mg) q4h as needed
IV: 2.5-15mg diluted in 4-5 mL sterile water for injection, slowly
injected over 4-5 minutes