Radiation, Biological or Chemical events (accidents or attacks) may make it necessary to evacuate because of the long-term danger.
Your state has an evacuation plan. You should have one too in case theirs becomes unworkable.
How your local or state government will tell you to evacuate.
You will hear from the local police, emergency management, or other government agency by radio or television that you need to evacuate your area.
Pay attention, if there is a “severe” terror alert, your area may execute an evacuation order.
How to Respond to Local Evacuation Plans
Quickly follow the instructions of the local emergency management. Local authorities could give you specific instructions to follow for a specified situation.
Emergency Management may direct you to evacuate your home or workplace and go to a designated shelter. If you have children in school, they will either be sheltered at the school or in some other designated shelter.
Emergency Management will tell you what emergency supplies you may bring. Be sure to bring any medications you are taking. Emergency Management will let you know when it is safe to leave the shelter.
Making Your Own Evacuation Plan
Ultimately, you are responsible for your own safety. If, because of a disaster, local government cannot respond, then you need to make your own evacuation plan.
Where to go? You should select more than one place to go in case your number one choice is in harms way.
You may need help so family and friends should be your destination. Talk it over with them first and find out if they have plans too.
How to get there?
Roads may be impassable with jammed traffic or because the surface is damaged.
Get a map and determine what side-roads can be used for your evacuation. You may end up walking so too much gear to carry will be a problem---think light and compact.
Communications You may become separated from your companions or family members. Make sure you provide each with specific directions of where to go and who to contact so that you can be repatriated. Without this contact information it can take months to find you loved ones.
Radios (if they can still operate) will help from becoming separated. Simple hand-held “walkie talkies” will keep you in communication with companions who might be just out of sight and your communication will keep them from getting lost.
Waypoints “Way-points” is a term which means stopping-places along your intended route. It helps you manage your evacuation AND it is an along-the-way gathering place for stragglers.
Pre-determined waypoints of 5 to 10 miles along the route are workable for a journey.
Security Security is another word for staying safe from harm. Harm can come in the form of humans, or animals.
At the very least, carry pepper spray. It does no permanent harm. If you are threatened, or feel you are in danger - spray first and apologize later--if you make a mistake!
Copyright 2004 Medical Corps